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Abstract

A technological and radiological assessment has been made of the management options for irradiated graphite wastes from the decommissioning of Magnox and advanced gas cooled reactors. Detailed radionuclide inventories have been estimated, the main contribution being from activation of the graphite and its stable impurities. Three different packaging methods for graphite have been described; each could be used for either sea or land disposal, is logistically feasible and could be achieved at reasonable cost. Leaching tests have been carried out on small samples of irradiated graphite under a variety of conditions including those of the deep ocean bed; the different conditions had little effect on the observed leach rates of radiologically significant radionuclides. Radiological assessments were made of four generic options for disposal of packaged graphite: on the deep ocean bed, in deep geologic repositories at two different types of site, and by shallow land burial. Incineration of graphite was also considered, though this option presents logistical problems. With appropriate precautions during the lifetime of the Cobalt-60 content of the graphite, any of the options considered could give acceptably low doses to individuals, and all would merit further investigation in site specific contexts.

Additional information

Authors: WHITE I F, NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;SMITH G M, NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;SAUNDERS L J, NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;KAYE C J, NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;MARTIN T, NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;CLARKE G H, NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;WAKERLEY M W NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK), NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK), NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK), NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA;BRITISH NUCLEA, NATINAL RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION BOARD,CHILTON, DIDCOT (UK);CENTRAL ELECTRICITY GENERATING BOARD,BARNWOOD AND MANCHESTER (UK);UK ATOMIC ENERGY AUTHORITY, RISLEY (UK);BRITISH NUCLEAR FUELS LTD, SELLA
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 9232 EN (1984) FS, 119 P., BFR 400, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989123010200 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Available languages: en