Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

An ionization chamber with a Frisch grid is used to determine both the energy (E) of the charged particles emitted from the sample positioned coplanar with the cathode, and the cosine of the emission angle (theta') with respect to the normal of the cathode. Using the combined information on cos theta' and E, problems in particle counting due to sample absorption and scattering effects can be circumvented and sample source strengths are readily determined to an accuracy of 0.3 %. However, it is emphasized that the source strength can be determined from the particles emitted in a large solid angle close to 2 Pi steradian, which means a considerably higher efficiency than for the conventional low geometry counting techniques. Moreover the present method is, within reasonable limits, insensitive to source shape and thickness homogeneity. The technique will be illustrated by measurements of alpha particles and fission fragments emitted from a set of four vacuum evaporated UF-4, three electrodeposited and one suspension sprayed 235-U-30-8 layers.

Additional information

Authors: BUDTZ JOERGENSEN C, JRC GEEL ESTAB. (BELGIUM);KNITTER H H JRC GEEL ESTAB. (BELGIUM), JRC GEEL ESTAB. (BELGIUM)
Bibliographic Reference: IAEA ADVISORY GROUP MEETING ON NUCLEAR STANDARD REFERENCE DATA, GEEL (BELGIUM), NOV. 12-16, 1984 WRITE TO CEC LUXEMBOURG, DG XIII/A2, POB 1907 MENTIONING PAPER E 31889 ORA
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989123061400 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Available languages: en