EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES OF THE MHD STABILITY OF NON-CIRCULAR EXTRAP Z-PINCHES
Extrap Z pinches, which can be sustained for many Alfven times, can be characterized as non-circular Z pinch discharges bounded by a magnetic separatrix acting somewhat like a limiter. The magnetic separatrix is produced when a vacuum magnetic field, generated by currents in external conductors, combines with the self-magnetic field produced by the discharge current. The separatrix deforms the pinch cross-section and affects the equilibrium at the pinch boundary; both effects improve stability. Experiments have been performed which indicate that both effects are necessary for the successful generation of sustained Extrap discharges. In one experiment, the importance of the non-circularity of the cross-section was investigated. The deformation provided by the vacuum field can provide regions in the discharge where field lines have good curvature, which improves the stability of the configuration against internal modes. In configurations apparently lacking good curvature, discharges could not be sustained. In a second experiment, the dependence of the amplitude of global kink instabilities on the discharge current density profile were studied. The behaviour of the modes was consistent with that which would be expected for surface current driven modes.
Bibliographic Reference: WRITE TO THE DEPARTMENT OF PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION RESEARCH, ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, S-100 44 STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN), MENTIONING REPORT TRITA-PFU-84-16, 1984
Record Number: 1989123063700 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
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