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Abstract

This report is based on a review of the more recently published literature, supplemented by discussions with some of the authors and other experts. Cadmium production and consumption statistics for the world and the EEC are presented, also collation of estimates of human activity caused burdening of the environment (European Communities). Substitution possibilities and problems are examined for the five main applications for which no technically satisfactory or economic alternatives have been demonstrated. With appropriate waste disposal management, cadmium pigments and stabilizers in domestic and industrial refuse do not appear to be significant sources of environmental dispersal. Special concern attaches to the chemically active wastes from electroplating operations and the growing volume of discarded nickel - cadmium batteries; technology is available for recovering and recycling cadmium from these sources, but implementation poses formidable problems. More research and development is needed to establish technology for reducing cadmium release from the production and use of phosphate fertilisers, and any solution is likely to be expensive.

Additional information

Authors: BEVINGTON C F P METRA CONSULTING GROUP LIMITED, LONDON (UK), METRA CONSULTING GROUP LIMITED, LONDON (UK)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 9231 EN (1984) FS, 129 P., BFR 450, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989123090300 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Available languages: en
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