THE INFLUENCE AND THE UTILIZATION OF BIOMASS AS AN ENERGY CARRIER, CONCERNING THE SITUATION ON THE LABOUR MARKET, THE ENERGY SITUATION AND THE PROBLEMS OF THE AGRARIAN MARKET OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
The production of energy crops on agricultural land is one option to decrease the farm market problems and provide work for the unemployed. Although agriculture covers a large part of its energy demand from residues a demand still remains for energy carriers from so-called energy plantations. The exemplary calculation for rape as an energy crop shows positive results using rape oil and rape straw, i.e. lower costs for the European Community. In the case of alternative use of land for short rotation forestry 129,259 additional workers would find employment. However, this figure is relatively low, because milk production itself is very labour intensive. An exact analysis of the production situation for different surplus products shows, that 0.3 Mio ha cereal area, 0.6 Mio ha sugar beet area, 0.5 Mio wine growing area and 3.9 Mio ha cattle feed surface for milk production and 0.5 food surface for been production (in the case of 100 % self sufficiency in the European Community), could be available for the alternative use of energy generation. Additional research and practical tests should investigate the future potential of energy crops production. However, at the moment, using present standard technologies there is no relief in financing the agricultural market by producing energy carriers; other alternatives are necessary.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 9776 DE (1985) MF, 186 P., BFR 300, BLOW-UP COPY BFR 930, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
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Record Number: 1989124017800 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Available languages: de