STATUS OF STELLARATOR RESEARCH
In recent years main activities in stellarator research were focussed on production and investigation of currentless plasmas. Several heating methods have been applied: electron cyclotron heating, ion cyclotron heating and neutral beam injection. The parameters achieved in HELIOTRON E and W VII-A are: n <or= 10**20 m**-3, T-i <or= 1 keV. The confinement is improved as compared with ohmically heated discharges. By ECRH (P = 200 kW) it is possible to heat electrons up to 1.4 keV, confinement in this regime is dominated already by trapped particle effects. Toroidal currents up to 2 kA + either bootstrap currents or externally driven currents + were observed. High beta values (beta = 2 %) have been obtained in HELIOTRON E, in this regime already pressure driven MHD modes were observed. Future experiments (ATF-1 and W VII-AS) will extend the parameter regime to temperatures of several keV. These experiments will give important information about critical problems of the stellarator line (beta limit, neoclassical confinement impurity transport). A few reactor studies of stellarators exist, attention is mainly concentrated on technical problems of the modular coil system.
Bibliographic Reference: 1984 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PLASMA PHYSICS, LAUSANNE (SWITZERLAND), JUNE 27-JULY 3, 1984 VOL. I, PP. 311-337 EUR 9708 EN (1985), FS, VOL.I AND VOL. II, 1155 P., BFR 3500 (BOTH VOLUMES), EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Record Number: 1989124050600 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
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