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Abstract

Using the fluid equations, we examine transport in an Extrap configuration by carrying out calculations incorporating model profiles for the density and temperature. The goal of this analysis is to examine the scaling of the pinch equilibrium plasma density, temperature and radius with parameters that are characteristic for Extrap Z-pinches. These parameters include the discharge current, the neutral hydrogen filling density, an oxygen impurity fractional concentration and the conditions at the pinch boundary. An Extrap Z-pinch is a pinch discharge where the current channel has a characteristic non-circular cross-section achieved by bounding the discharge by a magnetic separatrix produced when a vacuum octupole magnetic field, generated by currents in external conductors, combines with the self-magnetic field produced by the discharge current. The pinch boundary is changed from a plasma- vacuum boundary to an interface between a high beta pinch plasma and a low-beta plasma contained in the vacuum magnetic field. The energy that is lost from the pinch region sustains this boundary layer. The introduction of a separatrix boundary around the pinch with four X-point nulls deteriorates the containment of the pinch somewhat. However the presence of the warm, low-beta plasma scrape-off layer, which provides a boundary condition on the pinch, tends to counteract the negative effects of the poorer confinement. Thus the equilibrium parameters that characterize the pinch may not be severely deteriorated by the introduction of the separatrix when the entire configuration, including the scrape-off layer, is considered.

Additional information

Authors: DRAKE J R, ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN);KARLSSON P ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN), ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN)
Bibliographic Reference: WRITE TO THE DEPARTMENT OF PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION RESEARCH, ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, S-100 44 STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN), MENTIONING REPORT TRITA-PFU-85-07, 1985
Record Number: 1989124059000 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Available languages: en
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