Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


A comparative analysis surveys the policy-making, programming, and budgeting of scientific research and development in the principal industrial countries (France, Britain, West Germany, Japan and the USA). In all these countries programming follows ritualized processes of budget elaboration. The types of argument differ as budget requests go up the institutional hierarchy with less and less homogeneous groups involved. Often traditional budget negotiations appear more efficient in resolving difficulties and conflicts than explicit programming which tends to make them more acute by forcing the various groups into more precisely defined positions. All countries are faced with similar issues, but these may take various aspects according to the general context and the traditions underlying the evolution in the country concerned. Experiences of one country can be used by another to promote change, while adapting to the prevailing conditions provides a country with the most advantageous way for its government to achieve its goals.

Additional information

Bibliographic Reference: EUR 10329 FR-EN (1985) MF, 121 P., BFR 300, BLOW-UP COPY BFR 605, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
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