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The report examines the techniques that can be used to assess the significance of risk in quantitative terms and compares the techniques used in practice in the nuclear industry with the way they are used in those parts of the process industry that can be classified as having a major hazard potential. The examination concentrates on the practices in Germany, Britain and France, and for the process industries, on practices adopted in Holland and Denmark. The examination of the techniques for a quantitative assessment of the significance of risk, shows three main problems: the data on which they have to be based may not be entirely relevant to the case being studied, the complete assessment of complex plant may require some simplification to keep assessment costs within reasonable limits, and the techniques by their very nature do not present a comprehensive assessment of all the relevant technical, economic and socio-political factors. Several assessment problems are identified, to overcome some of them the concept of ranking is developed in a way that ranks the acceptability of a project in a comprehensive non-dimensional way which takes into account all the factors related to acceptability. Finally a number of developments are identified that are required for the optimum exploitation of quantitative techniques.

Additional information

Bibliographic Reference: BOOK: 279 P., 1986, ISBN 0-08-033457-1 WRITE TO PERGAMON PRESS LTD., HEADINGTON HILL HALL, OXFORD OX3 0BW (UK), PRICE: UKL 30, (EUR 10045 EN).
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