ENERGY AND HEALTH CARE IN THE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
Rural health care centers are responsible for primary health care, defined as follows by WHO-UNICEF in September 1978: - Instruction in methods of detecting and preventing disease; - promotion of a balanced diet; - supply of drinking water and development of basic hygiene; - maternal and infantile health care, including family planning; - vaccination against the major infectious diseases; - prevention and control of endemic diseases within specific regions; - adequate treatment of common diseases and wounds; - storage of essential medicines. Some of these goals come under the responsibility of other organizations; here, health care centers can play a major advisory role. In other areas (prophylaxis, vaccination, treatment), rural health care centers provide services where energy is available for e.g.: - Refrigeration for vaccine storage; - heating for sterilization; - moving force for pumping water; - operating electrical medical appliances. For each of these functions, there exists equipment configurations making use of renewable energy sources (solar energy, wind energy, biomass). The purpose of the present document is to ascertain the needs of typical health care centers in the developing countries, to compare renewable energy equipment to conventional equipment from a technical and economic standpoint, and to determine the means needed to promote the penetration of renewable energy equipment in rural health care centers.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 10506 EN, FR (1986) MF, 144 P., BFR 300, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989125004700 / Last updated on: 1987-01-01
Available languages: en,fr