LARGE SCALE APPLIED SUPRACONDUCTIVITY - A TECHNOLOGY FOR THE FUTURE
It is about in the early sixties that first proposals for practical applications of superconductivity, a phenomenon discovered in 1911 which just in 1957 was theoretically explained, were made in the scientific community. Many different fields of application were considered and in the following decades many prototypes of superconducting devices (d.c. motors, levitated trains, magnets, alternators, etc.) were tested successfully; in some case an effective industrial interest was seemingly possible in short time. However, further investigations and more critical analysis of the various factors involved in these applications (economics, reliability, etc.) have put in evidence that a real interest (including industrial development) in applied superconductivity is in those fields in which no alternative is possible with conventional solutions. On this basis we may identify today three main fields of application which are the most promising, namely NMR imaging, magnets for high energy physics and accelerators, fusion magnets. In this paper a review of the potentialities of applied superconductivity and of the present situation is given.
Bibliographic Reference: WRITE TO SERVIZIO STUDI E DOCUMENTAZIONE - ENEA, CENTRO RICERCHE ENERGIA FRASCATI, C.P. 65 - 00044 FRASCATI, ROMA (ITALY), MENTIONING REPORT RT/FUS/85/19, 1985
Record Number: 1989125047500 / Last updated on: 1987-07-01
Available languages: en