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Abstract

Three European consultants, under contract by the Commission, have studied the problem tied to hydrocarbons in the atmosphere of the European Member States. For the first time, a very detailed emission inventory was made in each country (including Spain and Portugal). These emission inventories confirm that the two main producers of hydrocarbons are solvent consumption and road traffic (approximately 40% each). A list of substances which are involved in this problem of air pollution (toxicity, chemical reactivity, etc.) has been established with their main characteristics. By enquiring in the Member States information on the orders of magnitude of hydrocarbon concentrations (total nonmethanic or sometimes single species) in the ambient air has been collected. These data show for some substances, and taking into account our present knowledge, the possibility of effects on human health or on ecosystems. Finally a review of the governmental actions already underway confirmed that, probably due to the difficulty of the problem, little coherent effort has been made from the legal point of view; however abatement techniques for hydrocarbon emissions do exist (for stationary sources as well as for mobile sources). But, because of the lack of serious assessments of the problems and of good plant designs, these techniques have often been considered as deceptive and inadequate.

Additional information

Authors: BOUSCAREN R CITEPA, CENTRE INTERPROFESSIONNEL TECHNIQUE D'ETUDES DE LA POLLUTION ATMOSPHERIQUE, PARIS (FRANCE) FRANK R BATTELLE- INST., FRANKFURT-AM-MAIN (GERMANY) VELDT C MT-TNO, APELDOORN (NETH) , CITEPA, CENTRE INTERPROFESSIONNEL TECHNIQUE D'ETUDES DE LA POLLUTION ATMOSPHERIQUE, PARIS (FRANCE);BATTELLE- INST., FRANKFURT-AM-MAIN (GERMANY);MT-TNO, APELDOORN (NETH)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 10646 EN (1986) FS, 326 P., BFR 1100, EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
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