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Abstract

The possibility to use the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in combination with analytical methods for trace metal analysis such as neutron activation analysis (NAA), inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and electrothermal atomic absorption spectroscopy (ETASS) for the determination of trace elements in the lung of living subjects has been investigated. In particular more than 30 elements have been determined: (1) in physiological solutions used for bronchopulmonary lavage (blank values) (2) in BALs of volunteer patients (unexposed subjects) (3) in BALs of occupational workers affected by pulmonary fibrosis as diagnosed by clinical methods (exposed subjects). Although the number of cases with metal exposure studied by NAABAL method is too limited to draw definitive conclusions the results suggest that the procedure can provide interesting qualitative information on metals which would be actually retained in the lung tissue. However, although the method may become of importance when integrated with clinical examinations further investigations are necessary to establish qualitative relations between trace metal levels determined in the BAL and the total elemental content of the lung tissue.

Additional information

Authors: SABBIONI E, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);PIETRA R, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);MOUSTY F, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);COLOMBO F, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);RIZZATO G, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);SCANSETTI G JRC, ISPRA ESTAB., JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY);INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITA, JRC, ISPRA ESTAB.;PRESIDIO OSPEDALIERO USSL N.4, DIV. OF PNEUMOLOGY, CUASSO AL MONTE, VARESE;OSPEDALE NIGUARDA CA' GRANDA, VERGANI MED. DIV., MILANO;INST. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, TORINO UNIV. (ITALY)
Bibliographic Reference: INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON NUCLEAR ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, HALIFAX (CANADA), JUNE 5-7, 1985 JOURNAL OF RADIOANALYTICAL AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY, ARTICLES, VOL. 110 (1987), NO. 2, PP. 595-601
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