Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

The concept of a hydrogen-based clean, renewable energy system, conceived by the Joint Research Centre Ispra of the Commission of the European Communities, was investigated jointly by DECHAMA grouped German industries and the JRC-Ispra. The scope of the investigation was to establish the main characteristics of system and components and to give first cost indications. The 100 MW pilot project is to demonstrate the provision of clean and renewable primary energy in the form of Canadian hydropower converted via electrolysis into hydrogen and shipped to Europe, where it is stored and used in different ways: electricity/heat cogeneration, vehicle and aviation propulsion and hydrogen enrichment of natural gas for use in industry and households. Three transport/storage modes are investigated: methylcyclohexane as energy carrier shipped in normal oil product carriers, ammonia shipped in special tankers and liquid hydrogen shipped in special LH2 ships and in aeroplanes. In addition, solar energy by means of both thermomechanical and photovoltaic conversion has been evaluated. First evaluations indicate costs of the hydrogen, stored in a European port, of 69 Dpfg/Nm3 for the methylcyclohexane mode, 57 Dpfg for the ammonia mode, 80 Dpfg for the LH2 mode by ship transportation and 77/68 Dpfg by air transportation. These averaged equivalent costs of 0.2 DM/kWh of clean, renewable and stored energy suggest competitivity within the not too distant future.

Additional information

Authors: GRETZ J JRC-ISPRA WENDT H TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE, DARMSTADT, D REH L ETH, ZUERICH, CH BASELT J P DECHEMA, FRANKFURT, D , JRC-ISPRA;TECHNISCHE HOCHSCHULE, DARMSTADT, D;ETH, ZUERICH, CH;DECHEMA, FRANKFURT, D
Bibliographic Reference: ISES WORLD CONGRESS 1987, HAMBURG/D, SEPT. 13-18, 1987, AVAILABILITY: CEC-LUXEMBOURG, DG XIII/A2, BP 1907, MENTIONING PAPER ORA 33673 E
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989126063500 / Last updated on: 1989-05-01
Category: PUBLICATION
Available languages: en