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  • EVALUATION OF THE USE OF ADVANCED INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (EXPERT SYSTEMS) FOR DATA BASE SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT AND EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT IN NON NUCLEAR INDUSTRIES

Abstract

During recent years, a number of large industrial accidents have resulted in a widespread concern with organization of emergency services and means for effective support of the distributed organizations involved in emergency management. With the aim of presenting a discussion of the potential of modern information technology for decision support during accidents, the report brings a brief review of approaches to design of decision support systems and expert systems. From this review it is concluded that models of decision support systems based on a control theoretic point of view, together with a cognitive approach to decision task analysis offer a suitable framework. In addition, it is concluded that AI-tools for data base design and for communication support in distributed decision-making should be considered for further development. A number of recent Danish industrial accidents are reviewed and key persons interviewed in order to give a preliminary basis for judging the feasibility of the theoretical discussion. The report includes a number of recommendations for further studies to support the development of a distributed data base system for emergency management.

Additional information

Authors: RASMUSSEN J, RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY, ROSKILDE, DK;PEDERSEN O M, RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY, ROSKILDE, DK;GROENBERG C D RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY, ROSKILDE, DK, RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY, ROSKILDE, DK
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11228 EN (1987) MF, PP 91, BFR 150, BLOW-UP COPY, BFR 455, AVAILABILITY: CEC-LUXEMBOURG, BP 1003, GDL
Availability: Can be ordered online
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