FINITE LARMOR RADIUS EFFECTS ON Z-PINCH STABILITY
The effect of finite Larmor radius (FLR) on the stability of m=1 small axial wavelength kinks in a z- pinch with purely poloidal magnetic field is investigated. We use the Incompressible FLR MHD model; a collisionless fluid model which consistently includes the relevant FLR terms due to ion gyroviscosity, Hall effect and electron diamagnetism. With FLR terms absent, the Kadomtsev criterion of ideal MHD 2rdp/dr+m2B2/mu"rm o" geq 0 predicts instability for internal modes unless the current density becomes singular at the centre of the pinch. The same result is obtained in the present model, with FLR terms absent. When the FLR terms are included, a normal mode analysis of the linearized equations yields the following results. Marginally unstable (ideal) modes are stabilized by gyroviscosity. The Hall terms have a damping, however not stabilizing, effect, in agreement with earlier work. Specifying a constant current and particle density equilibrium, the effect of electron diamagnetism vanishes. For a z-pinch with parameters relevant to the EXTRAP experiment, the m=1 modes are then fully stabilized over the cross-section for wavelengths lambda/a leq 1, where a denotes pinch radius. As a general z-pinch result a critical line density limit N"rm max" = 3-5.10"18" m"-1" is found, above which gyroviscous stabilization near the plasma boundary becomes insufficient. The result holds for wavelengths close to, or smaller than, the pinch radius and for realistic equilibrium profiles. This limit is far below the required limit for a reactor with contained alpha particles, which is in excess of 10"20" m"-1".
Bibliographic Reference: REPORT TRITA-PFU-87-09, 1987, AVAILABILITY: ROYAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, STOCKHOLM
Record Number: 1989126072000 / Last updated on: 1989-05-01
Available languages: en