PRODUCTION AND APPLICATION OF VIRAL BIO-PESTICIDES IN ORCHARDS AND VEGETABLES
Since 1979 the Commission of the European Communities has implemented a five-year programme of co- operative research between the Member States in the field of biological and integrated control against pests and diseases of certain crops (fruits, vegetables and cereals). This project concerned plant protection operations directed towards an integrated protection strategy aimed at the reduction of chemical pesticide usage, and especially of those with unfavourable ecological consequences. Amongst the alternative control methods which meet these objectives and which have been tested in orchards and in vegetable crops, viral bio-pesticides have emerged as presenting considerable potentiality for application against the larvae of noxious Lepidoptera. This volume contains the results of an experts' meeting devoted to viral bio-pesticides, which brought together experts from ten European countries, held in Montfavet, France. There were seventeen scientific presentations during working sessions, which considered basic and applied researches, concerning; - viral bio-pesticides in orchards; - viral bio-pesticides in vegetables; - status of knowledge of certain entomopathogenic viruses and of problems involved in the production of viral preparations. The work which was carried out in 1984 and 1985, pursuing the five-year programme of the CEC and within a framework of directed, co-operative action, has given rise to progress on the following points: a) the production of preparations and the building of pilot production plants under provisional agreements with European industries; b) the standardisation of bacillovirus preparations for Codling moth and the adoption of a European standard; c) the enlargement of experimental trials within integrated plant protection programmes in fruit and vegetable crops; d) the demonstration of the application potential of other viruses, which should be further studied. Industrial commercialisation and production on a significant scale of virus preparations aimed at orchard and crop pests is, however, yet to be realised, although important progress has been made.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 10424 EN, FR (1988) FS, PP 139, ECU 10.50, AVAILABILITY: EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, BP 1003, GDL
Availability: Can be ordered online
Record Number: 1989126074400 / Last updated on: 1989-05-01
Available languages: en,fr