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Abstract

The power deposition profiles during minority ion- cyclotron heating are analysed in large tokamaks by using the global, toroidal wave code LION. For tokamaks with large aspect ratio and with circular cross-section, the wave is focused on the magnetic axis and can be absorbed there by cyclotron absorption when the cyclotron resonance passes through the magnetic axis. The power deposition profile is then essentially determined by the Doppler broadening of the ion-cyclotron resonance. For equilibria either non-circular or with a small aspect ratio the power deposition profile depends also on the strength of the damping. In this case the power deposition profile can be expressed as a sum of two power deposition profiles. One is related to the power absorbed in a single pass, and its shape is similar to that obtained for large aspect ratio and circular cross- section. The other profile is obtained by calculating the power deposition in the limit of weak damping, in which case the wave electric field is almost constant along the cyclotron resonance layer. An heuristic formula for the power deposition is given. The formula includes a number of calibration curves and functions which has been calculated with the LION code for JET relevant equilibria. The formula enables one to calculate the power deposition in a simple way when the launched wave spectrum and damping coefficients are known.

Additional information

Authors: HELLSTEN T JET JOINT UNDERTAKING, ABINGDON, UK VILLARD L CENTRE DE RECHERCHES EN PHYSIQUE DES PLASMAS, ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE, CH , JET JOINT UNDERTAKING, ABINGDON, UK;CENTRE DE RECHERCHES EN PHYSIQUE DES PLASMAS, ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE, CH
Bibliographic Reference: REPORT JET-P(87)29, 1987, AVAILABILITY: JET, ABINGDON,UK
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