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Abstract

The HTR is the only reactor system which can provide process heat in a wide temperature range up to 950circC. The HTR module is designed as an unsophisticated, safe and universal heat source with a large field of applications. The following applications have been considered: the steam reforming of natural gas and coal conversion processes for the production of methanol, hydrogen and SNG. They are investigated in many different modifications and nuclear and autothermal processes are compared. Other applications of nuclear process heat in the chemical and petrochemical industry seem to be appropriate and promising, but could not be analysed because of lack of data. The economic results show that for today's coal and gas processing the HTR can only compete against conventional conversion processes for specific premises. Especially, those processes in which valuable fossil fuels such as natural gas are substituted by nuclear process heat promise an economic benefit. Looking to the market of the year 2030 and the need for process heat in the chemical and steel industries (including the demand for synthesis gas), cement and refinery industries, for the production of aluminium oxide and the tertiary oil recovery, a total theoretical market in the Federal Republic of Germany of up to 60 HTR-2 module plants is estimated.

Additional information

Authors: INTERATOM GMBH INTERATOM GMBH, BERGISCH-GLADBACH (GERMANY) EST GESELLSCHAFT EST- GESELLSCHAFT FUER ENERGIESYSTEMTECHNIK MBH, ESSEN (GERMANY) HANSEN U LEHRSTUHL FUER KRAFTWERKSTECHNIK, UNIV. GH ESSEN (GERMANY) , INTERATOM GMBH, BERGISCH-GLADBACH (GERMANY);EST- GESELLSCHAFT FUER ENERGIESYSTEMTECHNIK MBH, ESSEN (GERMANY);LEHRSTUHL FUER KRAFTWERKSTECHNIK, UNIV. GH ESSEN (GERMANY)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 11635 EN (1988) FS, 72 PP., ECU 7.50, AVAILABILITY: EUROFFICE, LUXEMBOURG, POB 1003
Availability: Can be ordered online
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