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This lecture concerns different aspects of international codes and standards activities and their relation with R&D, with a strong emphasis on the area of structural integrity and fractures. The EC approach for technical harmonisation is two-fold. EC directives contain the essential requirements to be met in order to safeguard public health, safety or the environment, whereas CEN/CENELEC prepare the technical specifications, including European standards and other documents. Not only the 12 EC countries but also the 6 EFTA countries adhere to this system. Some reflections on actions leading to a strengthening of the links between R&D and standards-related activities are presented. CEC's actions and achievements in the area of codes and standards for reactor structures are reviewed. Many of these R&D results are applicable to other areas than nuclear reactors. International scientific bodies may play an important role by channelling their R&D results to standards-related activities. The role of guidelines and recommendations is important for industry because of their contribution to technology transfer.

Additional information

Authors: LARSSON L H, CEC Bruxelles (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Fracture Seminar of the Finnish Fracture Group, Helsinki (SE), Oct. 24-25, 1989
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 35119 ORA
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