Inherently safe characteristics of nuclear reactors
The report examines the role of inherent design features in achieving the safety of nuclear power plants as an alternative to the practice, largely followed in current reactors, of achieving safety by the addition of 'engineered safety features'. It examines current reactor systems to identify the extent to which their characteristics are either already inherently safe or, on the other hand, have inherent characteristics that require protective action to be taken. It then considers the advantages of introducing design changes to improve their inherent safety characteristics. Next, it looks at some new reactor types for which claims of inherent safety are made to see to what extent these claims are justified. The general question is then considered whether adoption of the `inherently safe' reactors would give advantages, by reducing risk in real terms or by improving the public acceptability of nuclear power, which would be sufficient to offset the expected high costs and the technical risks associated with any new technology.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 12525 EN (1989) 57 pp., FS, ECU 5
Record Number: 199010167 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en