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The interaction between oxidation and creep rupture is studied in a 17Mn-10Cr austenitic steel, which is of interest as structural material for the internal components of fusion reactors. Observation of the creep specimens tested in air at temperatures ranging from 773 to 973 K reveals the presence of an adherent oxide scale and of a ferritic phase underneath, which forms as a consequence of the Mn depletion of the austenitic matrix. The microstructure of the two layers is investigated by optical microscopy, SEM, X-ray diffraction, EDS and magnetic permeability measurements. The scale has a complex structure, being composed mainly of manganese oxide. The ferritic layer is completely recrystallised and does not present grain boundary precipitates as the austenitic phase does. The effect of the surface modification on the creep rupture process is discussed in the light of some recent models of creep-oxidation interaction.

Additional information

Authors: MATERA R, JRC Ispra (IT);RUEDL E, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Werkstoffe und Korrosion, Vol. 40 (1989) pp. 206-213
Record Number: 199010588 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en