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At least the first generation of future fusion reactors will make use of the nuclear fuels deuterium and tritium. Tritium is not available in nature: it will have to be produced by breeding in a lithium "blanket" surrounding the reacting volume, using the neutrons generated in the nuclear process. Tritium handling and processing technologies are treated together with a number of supporting and connected activities. Alternative nuclear fusion processes resulting in nuclear fusion (D-D, D-3He, mu-catalysed fusion, cold fusion etc.) which give more environmentally friendly (but physically more difficult) possibilities for the future reactor of the second generation are also treated. Topics covered include: physics of tritium production; problems related to fusion reactors; production and extraction from ceramic and liquid breeders; extraction from water and heavy water; storage; refuelling; interaction with structural materials and containment; pumping of tritiated plasma exhaust; impurity separation; impact on diagnostics; safety; management of tritiated wastes; tritium behaviour in the environment and advanced fuels in fusion reactors.

Additional information

Authors: SINDONI E, Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano, Milano (IT);BONIZZONI G (EDITORS), Istituto di Fisica del Plasma, CNR, Milano (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 12540 EN (1989) 755 pp.
Availability: Editrice Compositori, Via Stalingrado 97/2, 40128 Bologna (IT)
ISBN: ISBN 88-7794-029-8
Record Number: 199011046 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en