Hydrogen, an energy vector for solar energy
The intermittence and the geographical distribution of solar energy require it to be stored and transported to the user. An ideal means of doing this is to split water in order to obtain hydrogen, a carbon-free fuel which oxidises to water as combustion product in a carbon-free, natural cycle. Hydrogen can then be transported from solar energy rich countries over long distances by ship to Europe, stored underground or in containers and used in gaseous or liquid form in industry, by household users, in power stations, in motor cars and for aviation fuel. Solar energy as a primary energy source is discussed, and in particular the cheapest, and by now widely available form, hydropower. Techniques of hydrogen production, vectorisation and end use are discussed as well as safety aspects, costs and strategy for its implementation. Three main pilot projects/programmes are described.
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: World Energy Conference, Montreal (CA), September 17-24, 1989
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 35530 ORA
Record Number: 199011182 / Last updated on: 1994-12-01
Original language: en
Available languages: en