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A survey on radioactive waste storage and disposal costs has been performed within various nuclear waste agencies throughout Europe and reference has been made to other available information. The results may be summarised as follows: (i) until disposal sites become available, many countries store low- level waste at costs between 400 and 1,400 ECU/m3; (ii) little information is supplied for medium and high-level waste storage; however, for the projects under way, levels of the order of 100,000 ECU/m3 for vitrified waste are probable, whereas for medium and high-level waste these costs are expected to vary from 10,000 to 20,000 ECU/m3; (iii) the economic analysis of disposal facilities shows that cost elasticity is high at low capacities both for the surface disposal (below 500,000 m3) and deep burial (below 50,000 m3). The economic benefit that might result from the scaling effect at larger capacities appears to be of little significance; (iv) despite the diversity of geological formations and disposal concepts for which economic data were compared, a certain coherence can be detected; thus, for the disposal of low-level waste, costs evolve as a function of site capacity from 2,000 to 6,000 ECU/m3 for deep burial, and from 1,000 to 3,000 ECU/m3 for surface disposal or shallow burial. For deep burial of medium and high-level waste, costs vary as a function of site capacity from 10,000 to 70,000 ECU/m3 for non-heat-emitting waste, and from 0.4 to 1.4 MECU/m3 for vitrified waste.

Additional information

Authors: ZACCAI H, Organisme National des Déchets Radioactifs et des Matières Fissiles, Ondraf/Niras, Bruxelles (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 12871 EN (1990) 86 pp., FS, ECU 7.50
Availability: (2)
ISBN: ISBN 92-826-1574-X
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