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This paper outlines the scope and activities of EURATOM and describes its safeguards systems and the ways in which they differ from those of the IAEA. EURATOM is a supranational organisation with a duty to "make certain, by appropriate supervision, that nuclear materials are not diverted to purposes other than those for which they are intended". It deals with individual nuclear operators and monitors all civil nuclear materials within the EEC, and its safeguards system is regulatory rather than contractual. EURATOM differs from the IAEA in the system of sanctions it incorporates, including a warning, withdrawal of benefits, placing of an undertaking under the direction of a person or board (appointed by the EEC and State concerned) and the withdrawal of nuclear materials. This paper describes the information processing that supports the EURATOM Safeguards System. 749 installations, including 191 reactors, are safeguarded by the system, and records of all materials are kept and tracked. Four activity areas - inspection, accountancy, evaluation and management - are included in the work.

Additional information

Authors: KSCHWENDT H, CEC Luxembourg (LU)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: International Training Course on SSAC, Leningrad (SU), Sept. 10-21, 1990
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 35627 ORA
Record Number: 199011734 / Last updated on: 1994-12-02
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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