Sea transport of hydrogen
Studies on the sea transport of large quantities of hydrogen have been undertaken at the JRC Ispra since 1977. Several hydrogen vectors were taken into consideration, such as ammonia, methanol, solid and liquid hydrides and liquid hydrogen. Efforts to reduce environmental pollution led in 1986 to the concept of a hydrogen-based, clean, renewable energy system, using low-cost hydro-electricity of hydropower-rich countries. This concept is at present developed within the Euro-Quebec Hydro-Hydrogen Pilot Project (EQHHPP). For reasons of cleanliness, only two transport/storage modes are being investigated: liquid hydrogen (LH(2)) and a liquid hydride, methylcyclohexane (MCH). The special aspects of sea transportation of such substances - in particular LH(2) - are discussed and the different solutions are presented in a chronological manner. Special attention is given to the type of ship adopted for the EQHHPP, i.e. a LH(2) barge carrier, ballasted with water.
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Hydrogen: the Fuel beyond the Fossil Fuels, Bruxelles (BE), April 17, 1991
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 36161 ORA
Record Number: 199110747 / Last updated on: 1994-12-02
Original language: en
Available languages: en