Review of transportation accidents of hazardous materials
Two studies on accidents relating to the transportation of hazardous materials are presented. The main focus of the analyses was given to accidents from rail, road and pipeline transportation and to comparisons with the corresponding accidents from fixed installations. 1793 accidents are classified according to accident situation, transportation mode and consequences. Frequency fatalities curves are plotted. The variability of the information found in accident case reporting is analysed for 595 cases described more than once in the literature. It is concluded that approximately one third of the accidents involving hazardous chemicals happen during transportation. No difference is found between the relative severity of transportation accidents and accidents at fixed installations. The quality of the information provided by accident reporting was found to be low. It is suggested that this is inherent to the reporting process and subsequent selection of information thought to be important, rather than arising from unreliable sources. Uncertainty is therefore inherent in the data and in any subsequent analysis.
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Hazardous Substances : Safety in Transport, Karlsruhe (DE), June 10-12, 1991
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper 36178 ORA
Record Number: 199110751 / Last updated on: 1994-12-02
Original language: en
Available languages: en