Contributing to goals and concepts for safeguards implementation
Safeguards in the European Community in the 1990s can be characterised both through the methods used to cope with the increased availability and use of plutonium in the European commercial fuel cycle, and through the efforts to continue to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the safeguards operation in general. Based on the current operation of the industry and the construction schedules for fuel cycle facilities it is expected that the routine use of plutonium in LWR (MOX) will continue to increase significantly; three to four MOX fabrication facilities with throughputs of up to 5 t Pu/a and three reprocessing facilities with throughputs of up to 7 t Pu/a will be in operation. In addition, the safeguards for plants which condition irradiated fuel for direct final storage will have to be developed and implemented. This paper presents the main lines of the present thinking of Euratom safeguards relating to technical goals, i.e. the `Tryptic' of characteristic amounts, times and probabilities, and considerations leading to criteria to attain such goals. Finally, ways to continue to improve efficiency at large fuel cycle installations are outlined, particularly with the aim to gradually replace manpower by machinepower in situations of difficult access or repetitive work.
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: 13th ESARDA Symposium, Avignon (FR), May 14-16, 1991
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 36209 ORA
Record Number: 199110837 / Last updated on: 1994-12-02
Original language: en
Available languages: en