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This paper discusses the general problems that arise when evaluating an environmental impact assessment. The general characteristics of environmental regulations in some countries are presented briefly. Oil refineries and inorganic chemical processes are used as examples for highlighting any problems. For new plants, due attention to environmental constraints in the early design phase can prove to be a very cost-effective method to minimise pollution. For existing installations, a cost/benefit analysis has to be used for evaluating various possible alternatives. The monitoring of pollution emissions at their sources has to be combined with ambient quality monitoring in order to verify compliance with the regulations and the effectiveness of the measures adopted. Environmental impact studies are very useful in designing and setting up a proper monitoring programme.

Additional information

Authors: DROGARIS G, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Eurocourse on Environmental Impact Assessment, Ispra (IT), Sept. 30 - Oct. 4 (1991)
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 36410 ORA
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