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This project aims to demonstrate the provision of clean and renewable primary energy in the form of Quebecan hydropower converted via electrolysis into hydrogen and shipped to Europe. There it is stored and used in different ways, such as for electricity/heat cogeneration, vehicle and aviation propulsion and hydrogen enrichment of natural gas for use in industry and households. Two transport/storage modes are investigated. These are liquid hydrogen shipped in special LH(2) ships and methylcyclohexane as the energy carrier shipped in normal product carriers. The cost of the electrolytic hydrogen, produced with hydropower at 2 ECU/kWh, shipped to and stored in a European port, has been evaluated to be 14.8 ECU/kWh in the form of liquid hydrogen. Phase III,0 is a hydrogen demonstration programme on the utilisation of hydrogen in the fields of vehicle and aviation propulsion, steel fabrication, and advanced techniques of liquid hydrogen storage.

Additional information

Authors: GRETZ J, JRC Ispra (IT);GIACOMAZZI G, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: IEA International Conference on Technology Responses to Global Environmental Challenges, Kyoto (JP), Nov. 5-8, 1991
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 36491 ORA
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