Resistive toroidal stability of internal kink modes in circular and shaped tokamaks
The linear resistive magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stability of the n = 1 internal kink mode in tokamaks is studied by toroidal computations. The stabilising influence of small aspect ratio is confirmed, but it is found that shaping of the cross-section influences the internal kink mode significantly. For finite pressure and small resistivity, curvature effects at the q = 1 surface make the stability sensitivity dependent on shape, and ellipticity (including JET shape) is destabilising. Only a very restricted set of finite pressure equilibria is completely stable for q(0) less than 1. A typical result is that the resistive kink mode is slowed down by toroidal effects to a weak tearing/resistive interchange mode. It is suggested that weak resistive instabilities are stabilised during the ramp phase of the sawteeth by effects not included in the linear resistive MHD model. Possible mechanisms for triggering a sawtooth crash are discussed.
Bibliographic Reference: Report: LRP 445/91 EN (1991)
Availability: Available from Confédération Suisse, Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 21 avenue des Bains, 1007 Lausanne (CH)
Record Number: 199210256 / Last updated on: 1994-12-02
Original language: en
Available languages: en