Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

Evaluation of DOMINO chain developments of accidents in the process industries is of great importance during a safety study. Simple consequence models have been used in developing the DOMINO package, which is able to simulate accident evolution sequences. Various protective and mitigation measures may have a profound impact on the accident escalation. In this paper a rigorous modelling of an atmospheric storage tank is presented, taking into account design/construction characteristics (tank geometry, construction, tank spacing) and all possible safety features (safety valves, liquid pump out, water deluge systems, water curtains, fire walls, external cooling by fixed or mobile fire fighting appliances). Heat input arises from an adjacent storage tank being on fire. The time dependence of pressure and temperature of the tank and its content properties are calculated. The impact of various operational interventions or additional safety features can then be evaluated. The model is being implemented on a computer program and, after its validation using experimental data, it will be incorporated in the DOMINO package.

Additional information

Authors: KOURNETA P, JRC Ispra (IT);DROGARIS G, JRC Ispra (IT);ZIOMAS I, Aristotelian University of Thessaloniki, Physics Department, Atmospheric Physics Laboratory (GR)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: European Safety and Reliability Conference '92, Copenhagen (DK), June 10-12, 1992
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 36596 ORA
Record Number: 199210970 / Last updated on: 1994-12-02
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en