Environmental and human effects of accidents with hazardous materials
The number of French accidents with hazardous materials in 1987, 1988 and 1989 has been analysed with regard to evaluating the severity of the environmental and human effects of the accidents. A total of 1538 descriptions of accidents are available and 626 of these are considered relevant. There are 456 accidents with environmental consequences and 201 accidents with human consequences (including 31 accidents with both human and environmental consequences). During that period of time there were more than twice as many environmental accidents as human accidents. If the number of dead persons is used as the indicator for severe accidents with human consequences and the threshold value of severity is fixed at a death, there were 27 severe accidents with human consequences in the said period of time or 12%. For the purpose of evaluating the severity of the environmental accidents, a method based on expert statements has been drawn up and the method has been tested by the authors. Using this method for the evaluation of severity, the severe environmental accidents amount to 46 out of 456 or 10%.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Dansk Kemi (1991) No. 11, pp. 396-400
Record Number: 199211023 / Last updated on: 1994-12-02
Original language: da
Available languages: da