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The concept of a hydrogen-based, clean, renewable energy system, conceived in the Joint Research Centre Ispra of the Commission of the European Communities, is currently being investigated by the European and Canadian industries. The purpose of the 100 MW(el) pilot project is to demonstrate the provision of clean and renewable primary energy in the form of hydroelectricity from Quebec converted, via electrolysis, into hydrogen and shipped to Europe, where some 14,600 tonnes of liquid hydrogen per year is handled and used in different ways: (i) electricity/heat cogeneration; (ii) vehicle and aviation propulsion; (iii) steel fabrication; (iv) hydrogen enrichment of natural gas for use in industry and households. The paper describes the different processes in the conceptual chain, i.e. production by electrolysis, liquefaction, overseas transport and storage. Considerations of safety, standards, norms and regulations are made. The current work status and indicators for future work in the field are given.

Additional information

Authors: GIACOMAZZI G, JRC Ispra (IT);GRETZ J, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: The Low Temperature Engineering and Cryogenics Conference, Southampton (GB), July 13-15, 1992
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 36945 ORA
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