A fusion reactor : Continuous or semi-continuous?Funded under: FP2-FUSION 10C
Based upon latest results from JET and other tokamaks, and upon model projections, the operating conditions of a fusion reactor are predicted. The technical and scientific issues involved in continuous operation of such a reactor using non-inductive current drive are identified. Candidate techniques include injecting beams of high energy neutral particles and radio waves at various frequencies. The basis for a continuously operating reactor is not apparent and a convincing demonstration would require either a high current drive efficiency at a density above approximately 1.0 E20/m3, ignition and adequate impurity control at a density of 5 x 1.0 E19/m3 with moderate current drive efficiency of approximately 0.5 x 1.0 E20 A/m2W, or high power operation in a regime with a dominant bootstrap current. Semi-continuous operation with inductive current drive offers the only viable alternative for long pulse reactor operation. This could use either forward current or alternating current operation, provided the central solenoid was sufficiently large. A tokamak reactor operating semi-continuously would be simpler in construction, use re-circulating power more efficiently and probably be more reliable in operation. It is proposed that the Next Step tokamak be based on inductive semi-continuous operation.
Bibliographic Reference: Report: JET-P(92)65 EN (1992) 12 pp.
Availability: Available from the Publications Officer, JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon, Oxon. OX14 3EA (GB)
Record Number: 199211284 / Last updated on: 1994-11-29
Original language: en
Available languages: en