Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The Commission of the European Communities is convinced that severe standards for the protection of the environment are a necessity, not only from an ecological, but also from an economic point of view. A common environment policy was formulated for the first time during a conference at Paris in 1972. After the oil crisis and the surmounted recession in 1983, a new orientation in the environmental philosophy of the Community took place. The principle of avoided damage became the basic principle of the present policies. Over 20 years a large number of directives and standards have been decided and more are in the pipeline. These directives have to be converted into efficient actions. The member states are therefore obliged to adopt corresponding national laws and also to take care that the national laws are effectively enforced. The Commission has the right to ensure that the directives and standards are, in fact, applied. Judicial actions are often used in case of insufficient implementation of EC-directives into national laws and also in case of insufficient application of commonly agreed standards. The effect of the directives on the system of national laws in Italy is given as an example.

Additional information

Authors: LANGENKAMP H, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Umweltschutz in Italien - Workshop Wien (AT), October 29, 1992
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper DE 37227 ORA
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