Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS

Abstract

The member states of the EC exhibit a number of differences with respect to scientific and technological activities and their economic and social impacts. Different member states have different areas of comparative advantage in production (reflected in trade performances and productivity growth), in turn related to scientific and technological activities. These produce differences between member states in wealth, in distribution, and in the rate of change. Such differences relate interactively to the complex of social, institutional, and regulatory conditions which characterise, and have characterised, different member states. Traditionally, diversity has tended to be viewed either in negative terms - as evidence that some producers lag behind according to some criteria of technological success - or, where technological diversity exists amongst successful market competitors, as economically irrelevant or uninteresting. However, recent and growing interest in evolutionary approaches to economic change lend theoretical weight to investigations of the potential economically positive consequences of diversity. The MUST project represents an attempt to grasp how and why technologies differ in different national economies. This report discusses three cases - advanced manufacturing technology, videotext and electricity generation - taken from participating countries in the project.

Additional information

Authors: BRUNO S, University of Rome, ISIDE (IT);COHENDET P, Université Louis Pasteur, BETA, Strasbourg (FR);DESMARTIN F, Université Louis Pasteur, BETA, Strasbourg (FR);LLERENA D, Université Louis Pasteur, BETA, Strasbourg (FR);LLERENA P, Université Louis Pasteur, BETA, Strasbourg (FR);SORGE A, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, MERIT, Maastricht (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: Report: FOP 227 EN (1991) 139 pp.
Availability: Available from the FAST Programme Office, CEC/DG XII, 200 rue de la Loi, B-1049 Bruxelles (BE)
Record Number: 199230093 / Last updated on: 1994-11-29
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en