Innovation in agro-biotechnology (SAST project no. 4) : Case study on lower levels of fertilisers and pesticides in agricultural crop productionFunded under: FP2-MONITOR, FP2-SAST
This report presents one of six parallel case studies carried out as part of the project on innovation in agro-biotechnology. In this case the potential role of biotechnology in reducing fertiliser and pesticide use in EC crop production was examined. Firstly the present levels and current trends in fertiliser and pesticide use were examined. Five main areas where biotechnology may affect fertiliser and pesticide use are identified: (i) biological nitrogen fixation; (ii) mycorrhizae and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria; (iii) disease and pest diagnostics; (iv) plant breeding (notably the development of transgenic crop varieties); (v) biological pest control. It is suggested that much of the criticism of present levels of fertiliser and pesticide use may be misplaced. However, areas where particular care will be needed, together with various constraints on the rapid and effective development of the five technologies, are identified. The need for continued and expanded EC funding is discussed and recommendations are made for future research.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 14716 EN (1992) 153 pp., FS, ECU 26.50
Record Number: 199310433 / Last updated on: 1994-11-29
Original language: en
Available languages: en