Intensity interferometry for measurement of electron temperature fluctuations in fusion plasmas
Transport-relevant fluctuations of the electron temperature can in principle be measured by radiometry of the electron cyclotron emission (ECE), but they might be obscured completely by natural fluctuations of the ECE due to the thermal nature of this radiation. The spatial coherence properties of thermal radiation can be utilised in correlation experiments to overcome the principal difficulties and to make temperature fluctuations accessible to measurement. An intensity interferometer was built and installed on the Wendelstein 7-AS stellarator for this new kind of measurement. The interferometer consists of two identical but independent multichannel heterodyne radiometers viewing the same emitting plasma volume along crossed lines of sight. The angle between the sightlines is sufficiently large to decorrelate the natural fluctuations of the radiation field. A specially developed quasithermal microwave radiation source is used to test the intensity interferometer and to simulate the correlation experiment. Measurements of the spatial coherence and the statistical properties are found to be in agreement with theoretical predictions.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, Vol. 35 (1993) pp. 1285-1306
Record Number: 199311230 / Last updated on: 1994-11-29
Original language: en
Available languages: en