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Abstract

An intercomparison of methods involving 18 European laboratories was organised to assess the state of the art of vitamin determination in foods. Each laboratory received identical samples of dry food reference material (homogeneous powders, milk powder, pork muscle and haricot vert beans), which were certified recently for major dietary components and elements. Results for fat-soluble vitamins are reported. All participants isolated the fat-soluble vitamins by alkaline saponification. For retinol, only high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) (reversed- or normal-phase) was applied, with both ultraviolet (UV) and fluorescence detection. Results in milk powder showed a relative standard deviation of reproducibility (RSD(Reprod)) of only 10 %. Carotene was determined by HPLC (reversed- and normal-phase) and with open-column chromatography at atmospheric pressure. For beta-carotene, results in milk powder agreed very well; the RSD(Reprod) was 14 %. The values reported for haricot vert beans showed poor agreement; the RSD(Reprod) was 52 %. A major part of this variability was due to differences in methodological principles. The results for alpha-tocopherol in milk powder and haricot vert beans agreed very well, with RSDs(Reprod) of 16 and 15 %, respectively. Only HPLC (reversed- and normal-phase) with UV and fluorescence detection was applied.

Additional information

Authors: HOLLMAN P C H, DLO-State Institute for Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Wageningen (NL);SLANGEN J H, DLO-State Institute for Quality Control of Agricultural Products, Wageningen (NL);WAGSTAFFE P J, CEC Bruxelles (BE);FAURE U, CEC Bruxelles (BE);SOUTHGATE D A T, AFRC Institute of Food Research, Norwich Laboratory (GB);FINGLAS P M, AFRC Institute of Food Research, Norwich Laboratory (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: The Analyst, Vol. 118 (1993) pp. 475-480
Record Number: 199311375 / Last updated on: 1994-11-28
Category: PUBLICATION
Original language: en
Available languages: en