Major Accident Reporting System : Lessons learned from accidents notified
The Major Accident Reporting System (MARS) has been set up by the European Commission and is operated by the JRC-ISEI within the framework of Council Directive 82/501/EEC (SEVESO-Directive). Up to the end of 1991 a total of one hundred and twenty one accidents were reported by the National Competent Authorities. Classification of these accidents according to various parameters (for example, type of activity, type of accident, substance(s) involved, consequences) enables the identification of trends and priorities useful for an effective accident prevention policy. The official and structured accident reporting procedure applied in MARS guarantees complete and accurate reporting. Consequently, the immediate and underlying causes of most of the accidents can be identified. Review of accident causes shows that the vast majority of accidents reported could easily have been prevented by proper application of existing experience and disseminated knowledge. This underlines the importance of safety management and safety studies of installations and processes in accident prevention. Lessons that can be learned from the accidents reported and which are useful in accident and/or loss prevention are grouped together in five categories for presentation purposes (design/construction related, operation/maintenance related, handling emergencies, mobilisation after an emergency and specific-substance related). The experience gained in running MARS in this initial period is discussed with respect to possible improvements in reporting procedure. Accident case histories are given in an appendix.
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 15060 EN (1993) 240 pp.
Availability: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Sara Burgerhartstraat 25, P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam (NL)
ISBN: ISBN 0 444 81665 8
Record Number: 199311421 / Last updated on: 1994-11-28
Original language: en
Available languages: en