The FIRES project : Experimental study of thermal runaway due to agitation problems during toluene nitrationFunded under: JRC-INDHAZ 3C
The main objective of the FIRES project is the study of non-normal behaviour of batch and semi-batch processes on a scale closer to industrial practice than calorimetric laboratory experiments. In this study, the mononitration of toluene by mixed acid has been taken as a specific case of heterogeneous liquid-liquid reaction, and the influence of stirrer malfunction has been taken as a potential cause for hazardous situations. The experiment has been studied in a 100 litre pilot reactor. The results and their implications for safe processing of discontinuous aromatic nitration are discussed and analysed using a mathematical model that simultaneously takes into account mass transfer phenomena and chemical kinetics.
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 6 (1993) No. 5, pp. 319-326
Record Number: 199311665 / Last updated on: 1994-11-28
Original language: en
Available languages: en