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The importance of modern biotechnology for the future of industry, agriculture and healthcare in Europe has long been recognised. Community funding for biotechnology research has evolved steadily, from 15 MECU for the Biomolecular Engineering Programme (BEP), adopted in 1982, to around 186 MECU for the current BIOTECH programme (1992-94). In addition, biotechnology features prominently in many other RTD programmes, including Biomedical and Health Research, and the Agriculture and Agro-Industrial Research (AIR) programme. This article analyses both the early and current biotechnology programmes. EC institutional structures for biotechnology are shown, and research activities which are currently implemented through two types of projects are described. Results of specific projects, including research into the yeast genome (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), unknown genes, lipases and the sweet potato, are presented.

Additional information

Authors: ECOTEC, ECOTEC Research and Consulting Ltd., Birmingham (GB)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: euro abstracts, Vol. 31 (1993) No. 12, pp. 835-843
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