Community Research and Development Information Service - CORDIS


The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which scientific advances by scientists receiving support from European Commission research programmes are important for the advance of technology. The analysis was performed on the basis of patents in the fields of the Biomolecular Engineering Programme (BEP), the Biotechnology Action Programme (BAP) and the ESPRIT programmes, at the European Patent Office (EPO) and the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The study highlighted the difficulties in using non-patent literature (NPL) references as an indicator for linkage between basic and applied research. Analysis of the frequency distribution of NPL references led to the introduction of a new indicator, the NPL index.

Additional information

Authors: SCHMOCH U, Fraunhofer-Institute (ISI), Karlsruhe (DE);STRAUSS E, Fraunhofer-Institute (ISI), Karlsruhe (DE);GRUPP H, Fraunhofer-Institute (ISI), Karlsruhe (DE);REISS T, Fraunhofer-Institute (ISI), Karlsruhe (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: EUR 15330 EN (1994) 90 pp., FS, ECU 11.50
Availability: (2)
ISBN: ISBN 92-826-6734-0
Record Number: 199410528 / Last updated on: 1994-11-28
Original language: en
Available languages: en