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Temperature stability and diffusion properties of ultrathin iron films grown at room temperature on a Cu(001) single-crystal surface have been investigated using low-energy ion scattering. None of the as-grown films is found to be thermally stable but an enrichment of the surface with substrate atoms is observed. Below two monolayers, where the Cu substrate is not completely covered by Fe, the onset of Cu diffusion occurs at 300 K. Iron films wetting the substrate appear to provide more resistance against thermal treatment. Initially a single monolayer of copper migrates onto the films, leaving the underlying Fe layers mainly intact. This overlayer adopts the same crystal lattice as the as-grown films; in particular a monolayer of Cu atoms is found in bcc lattice sites on the top of iron films exhibiting bcc structures.

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Authors: DETZEL T, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE);MEMMEL N, Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Garching bei München (DE)
Bibliographic Reference: Article: Physical Review B, Vol. 49 (1994) No. 8, pp. 5599-5606
Record Number: 199410537 / Last updated on: 1994-11-28
Original language: en
Available languages: en