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This paper discusses the disposal of radioactive waste and the decommissioning of obsolete nuclear plants from the European Union's perspective. The disposal of short- and long-lived waste is examined and the techniques used are reported including near surface disposal in engineered structures and deep disposal in underground repositories, otherwise known as geological disposal. Details of nuclear installations that have been permanently closed in member states are provided. It is pointed out, however, that there are many reasons why plants may be shut down for long periods of time at the end of their life without being partially or totally dismantled, for example the adoption of a step by step approach, uncertainty regarding the waste balance, and difficulties in evaluating decommissioning costs.

Additional information

Authors: ORLOWSKI S, European Commission, Bruxelles (BE)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: European Electricity Market Conference, Frankfurt (DE), March 9-10, 1994
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 38311 ORA
Record Number: 199410633 / Last updated on: 1994-11-28
Original language: en
Available languages: en