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The experimental and numerical research activities of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission in the field of unreinforced masonry are presented. The experimental activities are centred around the ELSA Reaction Wall Facility, where masonry panels and masonry infilled frames are subjected to static and/or pseudo-dynamic testing. All numerical activities are performed within a unique computer code CASTEM 2000, where different levels of modelling may coexist: at a micro level, brick and mortar are modelled separately; at a meso level, masonry may be considered as a plane homogeneous (anisotropic) media; at a macro level, each masonry infill/wall may be represented by one global element.

Additional information

Authors: ANTHOINE A, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: US-Italian Workshop, Pavia (IT), June 22-24, 1994
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 38477 ORA
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