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This paper lists the barriers to the acceptance of the use of non-animal tests and testing strategies that must be dealt with before they can fully contribute to the transformation of hazard prediction and risk assessment into an effective modern scientific discipline. ECVAM (the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods) was established by the European Commission specifically to promote validation and acceptance. Acceptance should be a permissive process rather than a restrictive one. This paper also addresses the issue of academic and industrial communities basing important decisions on the new methodologies and being held more accountable for their actions leading to scientific advancement.

Additional information

Authors: BALLS M, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: 6th International Congress of European Association for Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, Edinburgh (GB), August 7-11, 1994
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 38487 ORA
Record Number: 199411080 / Last updated on: 1994-11-28
Original language: en
Available languages: en
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