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This project analysed the trends in the future energy system of North African Mediterranean countries and considered their territorial impact. The project focused on two sets of trends in particular: trends relating to electricity consumption and generation in the countries of the Southern Mediterranean, and the implications of the corporate operational plans for North Africa. In particular, the project reviewed three groups of activities: (i) those aiming to reduce atmospheric emissions by increasing the use of gas and electricity produced by nuclear means; (ii) infrastructure projects which aim to ensure the supply of gas (noting the importance of Algerian gas); (iii) plans to connect the European electricity grid with North Africa and supply electricity from Europe to the Southern Mediterranean coast. The results show the geostrategic importance of furthering the economic development of the North African hinterland. Current energy policy tends to increase demographic and industrial pressure on the coastal fringe of the Southern Mediterranean, and brings with it environmental damage and increasingly acute social conflict.

Additional information

Authors: ROJO T, JRC Ispra (IT)
Bibliographic Reference: Paper presented: Spécialisation sectorielle et espaces méditerranéens, Palma (ES), May 5-7, 1994
Availability: Available from (1) as Paper EN 38208 ORA
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